Sentence processing

Correlate not optional: PP sprouting and parallelism in 'much less' ellipsis

Clauses that are parallel in form and meaning show processing advantages in ellipsis and coordination structures (Frazier et al. 1984; Kehler 2000; Carlson 2002). However, the constructions that have been used to show a parallelism advantage do not …

Locality and Alternatives on Demand: Resolving discourse-linked wh-phrases in sluiced structures

Previous studies have observed a tendency to associate the remnant (e.g., who) of ambiguous sluicing ellipsis with the closest/most local correlate (someone) in the matrix clause, as in Somebody said Fred fired someone, but I don’t know who. I …

Delayed attachment commitments for parenthetical relative clauses: An eye-tracking study

We investigate how not-at-issue content is integrated into a sentence by comparing the online attachment of parenthetical relative clauses to that of better-studied restrictive relative clauses. In an eye-tracking experiment, we report an early …

Effect of partial quotation and transparent free relatives on perspective shift

Perspective shift allows speakers to utter content they may not fully endorse. We explore the interpretation of perspective shifting expressions with a study on Transparent Free Relatives (Allen poured [what (is called/he calls) a beergarita]) and …

Listeners' beliefs influence prosodic adaptation: Anticipatory use of contrastive accent during visual search

This study tested whether listeners adapt to speaker-specific prosody in anticipatory processing, and, if so, whether adaptation is modulated by belief about the speaker’s intention. In three visual-world eye-tracking experiments, we compared how …

Online closure mismatches between prosody and syntax: A pupillometry study

Similarity-based interference and morphological retrieval in Portuguese sluiced sentences

Cue-based retrieval models predict reduced retrieval accuracy when the retrieval cue overlaps with more than one item in memory (similarity-based interference, SBI). This study addresses the extent to which morphological gender and number interact …

Thinking ahead has its limits: Structural prediction with correlative and quantificational both

Expressions such as 'either' can be used in a correlative structure ('either...or') or as a quantifier ('either student'). Previous research found that sentence-initial correlative 'either' facilitated coordination processing by generating a …

Using pupillometry to assess prosodic alignment in language comprehension

We show that the pupillometry method, which continuously captures minute changes in pupil size, provides a natural, real-time measure sensitive to mismatches between prosodic and syntactic group- ing. Pupillometry is increasingly used as a measure of …

Complement coercion induces greater garden path cost: Two eye tracking studies